Last night we remembered the Lord’s death through the observance of the New Testament Passover. We partook of small portions of unleavened bread and wine that were symbols of the body and blood of the true Lamb of God, Jesus Christ. The question must then arise, what are we doing here tonight? What is the meaning of this evening? Why are we here?
In the twelfth chapter of Exodus, we read the account of the first Passover. It begins with
God instructing Moses and Aaron about what they were to teach the people and what was going to happen. This instruction included the taking out of a lamb on the tenth day of this first month, called Abib, and saving it up until the 14th day when it was to be killed at twilight — the beginning of the 14th.
– Instructions about the Passover:
(Ex 12:21-22) Pick out and take lambs for yourselves according to your families, and kill the Passover lamb. And you shall take a bunch of hyssop, dip it in the blood that is in the basin and strike the lintel and the two doorposts with the blood that is in the basin. And none of you shall go out of the door of his house until morning.
– “til morning” comes from Hebrew word meaning “the breaking through of daylight,” “coming of daylight,” or the “coming of sunrise.”
– So, Israelites did not go out of their homes until after dawn.
– What happened that night?
(Ex. 12:29-33) And it came to pass at midnight that the LORD struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of livestock. So Pharaoh rose in the night, he, all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was not a house where there was not one dead. Then he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, “Rise and go out from among my people, both you and the children of Israel. And go, serve the LORD as you have said. Also take your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone; and bless me also.” And the Egyptians urged the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste. For they said, “We shall all be dead.”
– Moses and Aaron did NOT go out during the night – that is an incorrect assumption (see Exodus 10:28-29).
(Ex 10:28-29) Then Pharaoh said to him, “Get away from Me! Take heed to yourself and see my face no more! For in the day you see my face you shall die!” And Moses said, “You have spoken well. I will never see your face again.”
– After the death of the firstborn, Israelites had a number of tasks to complete before leaving Egypt.
– Stay inside their houses until morning, the breaking of daylight.
– Burn the remains of the lambs that had not been eaten.
– Go to the villages and cities where the Egyptians lived and ask them to give them silver, gold, and clothing.
– Gather and load up whatever possessions they were to carry and with their herds and flocks travel on foot, for some as much as twenty miles, to Rameses where their organized journey out of Egypt was to begin.
(Ex 12:34-39 –King James Version) And the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneading troughs being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders. And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses and they borrowed of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they lent unto them such things as they required. And they spoiled the Egyptians. And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children. And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle. And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened; because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual.
– Exodus 13:18 tells us, “the children of Israel went up in orderly ranks out of the land of Egypt.”
– It’s remarkable that they were able to do accomplish this all by the night after the Passover.
(Ex 12:40-42) Now the sojourn of the children of Israel who lived in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years. And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years — on that very same day — it came to pass that all the armies of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt. It is a night of solemn observance to the LORD for bringing them out of the land of Egypt. This is that night of the LORD, a solemn observance for all the children of Israel throughout their generations.
– You can differentiate Passover night from Night to be Much Observed by looking at the date each was supposed to fall on (14th or 15th).
(Leviticus 23:5-6) On the fourteenth day of the first month at twilight is the LORD’s Passover. And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the LORD: seven days you must eat unleavened bread.
(Numbers 33:1-3) These are the journeys of the children of Israel, who went out of the land of Egypt by their armies under the hand of Moses and Aaron. Now Moses wrote down the starting points of their journeys at the command of the LORD. And these are their journeys according to their starting points: They departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the day after the Passover the children of Israel went out with boldness in the sight of all the Egyptians. For the Egyptians were burying all their firstborn, whom the LORD had killed among them. Also on their gods the LORD had executed judgments.
– The Passover teaches us our need for the sacrificial Lamb, Jesus Christ
– But this is only the beginning of God’s plan of salvation.
– Night to be Much Observed reminds us that we have our part in our ultimate salvation.
– We must repent of sin — walk out of spiritual Egypt.
– This night pictures the beginning of that journey.
We learn from this Feast that we cannot stay in Egypt. We are not to be part of this present evil world. Even as God separated His people from Egypt, we must be separated from modern day Egypt with all of its lures and attractions. Just as ancient Israel had to put forth effort to get out of bondage, so we too must put forth effort to remove ourselves from the bondage of this world.